Family and Culture
“Terms to Know”
Family system- Family members acting together with their different roles and personalities.
Culture- Everything about the way a group of people live.
Diversity- Varied differences in people.
Enculturation- The process by which each generation passes along what it has learned to the next.
Subculture- A culture shared by a group of people who live with a larger, different culture.
Ethnic identity- A group of people who share traits and customs based on a common background or heritage.
Culture shock- The difficulties and feelings of uneasiness people have when exposed to another culture.
Assimilation- Adopting the habits, customs, and patterns of a new culture.
Cultural heritage- The beliefs, customs, and traits that are passed down among generations.
Ethnocentrism- The belief that a person’s own culture is the best or most natural.
Stereotypes- Standardized idea about the qualities or behavior of a particular category of people.
Prejudice- An unfair or biased opinion, often about certain religious, political, racial, or ethnic group.
*Discrimination- Treatment or consideration based on class or category rather than individual merit; partiality or prejudice.
*Multicultural- Of, relating to, or including several cultures.
*Racism- The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.
*Race- A local geographic or global human population distinguished as a more or less distinct group by genetically transmitted physical characteristics.
*Equity- The state, quality, or ideal of being just, impartial, and fair.
*Equality- The state or quality of being equal.
Definitions were compiled from:
Sasse, C.R. (2000). Families Today. New York, NY: Glenco, McGraw-Hill.
*The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition